orofacial myology

Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

What is a typical tongue placement?

As you read this, it is expected that your lips are closed, you are breathing comfortably through your nose, hands away from your face. Your tongue should rest comfortably alongside the roof of your mouth, not touching any teeth, and the tip of your tongue should be right behind your front teeth (again, not touching). Importantly, your upper and lower teeth should not touch, allowing a resting dental freeway space.

Any change to that typical tongue placement, caused either by sucking of a finger, biting a nail, tongue resting on floor of mouth at rest, or leaning your face on your hand, can disrupt the resting dental freeway space. Research has shown that only a few hours of increased resting dental freeway space a day can result in unwanted, permanent changes of dental development.


What can be achieved with Orofacial Myofunctional treatment?

The goals of Orofacial myofunctional treatment are to:


  • Eliminate habits (digit sucking, clenching, nail biting, etc)
  • Establish adequate lip seal at rest
  • Establish and habituate an optimal resting tongue position
  • Establish a typical pattern of chewing and swallowing
  • Establish nasal breathing, with lips together
  • Correct posture (neck and head posture)
  • Correct articulation (eliminate lisp)


Elimination of habits and use of healthy oral behaviors can also decrease periodontal disease, and reduce the risk of orthodontic relapse (your teeth moving after the removal of dental appliances)

Strengthened muscles and correct tongue placement also has a positive effect on your facial appearance.

How are OMD treated?

Exercises are customized for every patient’s needs. Breaking habits is a difficult task, and success in therapy depends greatly on individual motivation and commitment to the therapy program.

Who treats OMD?

A certified Speech-Language Pathologist or Dental Hygienist trained specifically to treat Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders.

Language Reflection, LLC offers Orofacial Myofunctional treatment designed to address each client’s individual need.


Language Reflection, LLC has the only trained professional in Orofacial Myology in the greater Hartford area (please refer to the IAOM association for a provider in your area).


Contact us to set up your appointment today: 860-463-7710